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Effect of early vs late supplemental parenteral nutrition in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. A randomized clinical trial.

Gao X, Liu Y, Zhang L, Zhou D, Tian F, Gao T et al.

JAMA Surg 2022; 157: 384-393.

The study included 230 patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Early (three days after surgery) feeding reduced the rate of nosocomial infection from 18.4 to 8.7 per cent (P=0.04) compared with late feeding (eight days after surgery).

Comment: The findings in many studies are consistent: early feeding is beneficial.

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